Drip irrigation is the cost effective irrigation system suitable for application of water and nutrients directly to the root zone of the plants. It involves dripping water onto the soil at very low rates (2-20 litres/hour) from a system of small diameter plastic pipes fitted with outlets called emitters or drippers. Water is applied close to plants so that only part of the soil in which the roots grow is wetted, unlike surface and sprinkler irrigation, which involves wetting the whole soil profile. With drip irrigation water, applications are more frequent (usually every 1-3 days) than with other methods and this provides a very favorable high moisture level in the soil which is favorable for plant growth and development.
Advantages of Drip irrigation system
- More crops can be grown from less water.
- Maximum use of available water by the plants resulting maximum yield.
- Less weed growth and restricts population of potential hosts because of no water being available to weeds.
- High efficiency in the use of fertilizers.
- Low labor and relatively low operation cost.
Use of drip irrigation
- Mainly suitable for cultivation of vegetables; Tomato, Cauliflower, Cabbage, Chilly, Cucumber; fruits and flowers but also can be used for cereals, pulses, cotton and other closely spaced crops.
- Can be used for irrigation both in open field and plastic tunnel also in slope area of mountain regions.
- It is also suitable for Kitchen Garden.
Nepal Thopa Sinchai provides drip irrigation set for all size of land. We have small drip irrigation set for 30 m2, 100 m2, 250 m2, 500 m2 and 1000 m2 of land specially focused for kitchen garden and small farmers. The drip set can be installed for commercial grower in any size of the land according to the demand for the farmers.